CAROLINE OF BRUNSWICK                  
                       

                         Caroline of Brunswick was the Queen consort of King George IV of Britain. They began their marriage as the Prince and
                         Princess of Wales and it was never a happy one. Shortly after the birth of their daughter, Princess Charlotte of Wales,
                         they separated. In attempts to divorce Caroline, George had investigations begun into the baseless rumors of Caroline’s
                         adultery. As a result, access to her daughter was severely restricted and she eventually left England to live in Italy.

                         After the death of his father George III in 1820, Prince George became King of Britain. Caroline returned from Italy to
                         assert her position as Queen only to be spurned and refused entry to the coronation. She fell ill and died three weeks later,
                         wishing her epitaph to read “Caroline, the Injured Queen.”

                         Niel Bruce, a modern crustacean worker, has suggested that Leach’s anagrams could be a disapproving reference to
                         Caroline of Brunswick:

                                                    It would appear that the use of Caroline/Carolina anagrams for blood-sucking parasites
                                                    was a cunning, repetitive and enduring insult to Caroline, who was the estranged wife
                                                    of the Prince of Wales and who has been described as an unlovable adultress… Evidently,
                                                    Leach was sympathetic to the Prince’s cause. 1

                         However, Keith Harrison asserts, I believe rightly, that:

                                                      …the problem with treating Elford’s genus names as a calculated insult is that he named
                                                     the species after people he clearly respected – Cranch, Montague, Lamarck, de Blainville. 2
                                                     This might suggest the nature of the animals’ blood sucking life-style was irrelevant and
                                                     his names were intended to express support for Caroline. Princess Caroline had been living
                                                     on the Continent since 1816 and ordinarily would not have been prominent in anyone’s
                                                     mind at the time Elford was preparing the text. Princess Charlotte’s death at the end of
                                                     1817 did increase sympathy for her mother but it is difficult to see why Elford would choose
                                                      to name genera after Caroline and not after Charlotte if it was this that prompted him. 3






                                       1 Harrison. p.402
                                       2 This refers to the species name for his “Caroline” genera (ex:  Cirolana cranchii, Olencira lamarckii). Cranch was Leach’s close friend and colleague. In September 1816,
                                              Cranch died while on the Congo expedition – a position he would not have been able to receive without Leach’s assistance and recommendation. His reaction to
                                              Cranch’s death was profound. Leach seemed to have experienced intense grief or guilt for in the years that followed, he named 17 new species cranchii, two cranchianus,
                                              and a new genus Cranchia. Ibid. p. 377
                                       3 Ibid.. p.403